A similar escalation in the number of sedition cases filed can be observed for 2019 and 2020, the years of the widespread anti-Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) demonstrations.
Tamil Nadu had registered 76 percent of its cases in connection to the Kudankulam nuclear plant agitation.
A large number of sedition cases in Bihar till 2014 related to Maoism and counterfeit currency. In the years since 2014, some of the more common causes for sedition cases were for protesting against the CAA, speaking up against intolerance, and the alleged raising of pro-Pakistan slogans.
In UP, 26 cases pertain to criticism of the government or politicians, of which 23 relate to censure of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. Twelve cases related to the COVID-19 pandemic, 27 to anti-CAA protests, and 20 were in connection with the 2020 Hathras gang rape case.
In Jharkhand, nearly half of the 64 cases were registered in 2018, when the state witnessed the Pathalgadi movement organised by Adivasi communities in the state.